Gender disparities still persist in rural areas and amongst disadvantaged communities. Looking at enrolment trends, there remains a significant gap in the enrolment of girls at the elementary level as compared to boys, especially at the upper primary level. The Objective of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) is to ensure imparting of quality education and also accessibility of the same to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facility at elementary level.
The scheme was applicable since inception in the year 2004, in the Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the rural female literacy rate is below the national average (46.13 census 2001) and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average level (21.59% census 2001).
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) are residential schools for dropout of school girls at upper primary level. Target girls are disadvantaged girls, SC/ST, orphans, general category orphans and girls coming from below poverty line (BPL) families.Objectives of the Scheme:-
Ministry of Education (MoE), GOI has sanctioned 89 KGBVs for EBBs of UT of J&K. out of 89
sanctioned KGBVs which have been established in the EBBs, 35 KGBVs are 100 bedded and 54 KGBVs
are 50 bedded. Out of the total 89 KGBVs sanctioned, 88 KGBVs are functional with an enrolment of
4075 for the current year 2021-22.
Girls Hostel (KGBV type-IV): Ministry of Education (MoE), GOI over a period of time has sanctioned 87 Type-IV KGBVs (Girls Hostels) for Educational Backward Blocks (EBBs) of UT of J&K. All the 87 Type-IV KGBVs (Girls Hostels) are 100 bedded having total seating capacity of 8700.The scheme is under implementation since 2009- 10. The main objective of the Scheme is to retain the girl students in the school so that they are not denied the opportunity to continue their studies which often get hampered due to various factors like the school being at a distant place from their home coupled with weak financial position of the parents and other connected societal factors. Another objective of the scheme is to make Secondary and Senior Secondary education accessible to a large number of school girls.
The girl students in the age group of 14-18 years, studying in classes IX – XII, belonging to SC, ST, OBC, minority communities and BPL families, will form the target group of the Scheme. At least 50% of the girls admitted in the hostels will be from the above targeted group. Students passing out from KGBV will be given preference in admission in the hostels.